Although many people now access the census on the web, and never on microfilm, census references remain extremely useful

Although many people now access the census on the web, and never on microfilm, census references remain extremely useful

11. The nationwide Archives sources for censuses

Search machines on internet sites differ, as well as also can alter in the long run, nevertheless the National that is original archives never change. For those who have a complete guide, you need to use it to get a web page on or on, even although you have acquired it from a different sort of website, or from various other source. This really is especially of good use whenever an individual can be located utilizing title search on a single web web site, although not on another, as a result of variations in transcription.

You will probably find census sources quoted in publications and articles, and you may should also understand how to utilize them if you’re consulting our online and street that is hard-copy (see area 4.2).

A census guide has three elements that are main a division (page) code, a set quantity, and a bit quantity. The division and show codes for every census 12 months are:

  • 1841 and 1851: HO 107
  • 1861: RG 9
  • 1871: RG 10
  • 1881: RG 11
  • 1891: RG 12
  • 1901: RG 13
  • 1911: RG 14

A piece may include a huge selection of pages, so extra information is needed to discover the place that is right a piece. The census returns for many years have a format that is single but you can find somewhat various plans for 1841 and 1911.

Census returns from 1851 to 1901

The additional refererence is just a folio quantity and (optionally) a web page quantity.

Each piece contains a few enumeration books with numbered pages. Later on, folio figures were stamped at the top right corner each and every page that is right-hand beginning at the start of the piece and continuing through all of the enumeration publications. Each folio represents the page where it appears and the following page since folio numbers appear only on alternate pages. Consequently a string, piece and folio guide allows you to find the appropriate couple of pages but a typical page quantity may be put into the guide to determine a page that is single if required, like in this instance through the 1891 census:

The nationwide Archives reference with this web web web page, through the 1891 census, is RG 12/1822, Folio 156, Page 5.

Both and provide a precise guide search center for every single census 12 months.

The 1841 census

Each piece in 1841 is further divided in to books, therefore a complete guide requires to incorporate a book quantity following the piece quantity, for instance HO 107/1298/8. Each guide then contains its series that is own of figures.

The 1911 census

For the first-time the home schedules were held, in the place of being copied into enumeration publications. Each piece represents an enumeration region, and in place of folio figures, each home features an unique routine quantity when you look at the top right-hand part, to ensure that a guide will undoubtedly be in the format RG 14/26288 Sch 227.

Organizations and vessels don’t have routine figures, rather the given information ended up being recorded straight into unique enumeration books with numbered pages, like in past census years.

12. Censuses for Scotland and Ireland

Scotland, 1841-1911

Search and see the census returns for Scotland from 1841 to 1911 at Scotlandspeople (Ј).

Census returns for Scotland are very nearly identical in structure to those for England and Wales, aside from 1911, whenever likewise detailed information had been gathered but ended up being then copied into enumeration publications such as past years, so might there be no home schedules or enumerators’ summary books.

Indexes towards the Scottish censuses 1841-1901 may also be available on (Ј) and (Ј). Neither of the indexes has links to images that are digitised.

Regrettably, few 19th-century census that is irish have actually survived; many had been lost once the Public Record workplace had been damaged into the fire during the Four Courts in Dublin 1922. Just the 1901 and 1911 censuses survived, along side a extremely little wide range of earlier in the day comes back. View digitised and indexed images associated with the Census of Ireland 1901/1911 and Census fragments and substitutes, 1821-51 (including north Ireland) on the National Archives of Ireland site.

13. Uk colonies and protectorates

Censuses had been additionally drawn in numerous Uk colonies on the same times like in the uk. Surviving documents among these will generally be located within the national nation of beginning, and never when you look at the National Archives. The exceptions that are only this are:

  • Census of settlers and convicts in brand New Southern Wales and Tasmania 1828 in HO 10/21-27. These papers may be installed totally free as Digital microfilm. a version that is name-indexed additionally online at ( Ј )
  • Census of Surinam 1811 in CO 278/15-25. A number of the documents have been in English, however the bulk have been in Dutch
  • Census (regarding the population that is white) of Barbados 1715 in CO 28/16
  • Census of Sierra Leone: ‘population and liberated Africans’ 1831 in single latin women CO 267/111
  • Census of Heligoland 1881 in CO 122/37

14. Other useful online resources

Access census street indexes inside our online Archive. These are archived pages that are no longer edited or updated as with all content in the UK Government Web Archive.

Find out about the fire that destroyed the 1931 Census for England and Wales, Channel Islands and Isle of guy. the Your Archives pages now held in britain Government online Archive.

Browse Vision of Britain for reports according to information from censuses up to 1971, or seek out census information associated with a city or region

Consult The Online Historical Population Reports for online usage of the population that is complete for Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1937 and substantial background information, including samples of papers.

15. Further reading

Use our collection catalogue to locate a recommended book list. The publications are typical for sale in The National Archives’ reference library. You can also have the ability to see them in a library that is local.

Look at the nationwide Archives’ bookshop for a variety of magazines relating to census documents.

Search our blog sites for articles regarding the census.

Watch the movie Census records: an introduction, by Audrey Collins.

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